Often, the prostitution laws are not clear-cut, and are subject to interpretation, leading to many legal loopholes.
One consisted of billboards in the streets of the capital Chişinău depicting a girl gripped in a huge clenched fist and being exchanged for dollars. Prior to that date, it was considered a criminal offense (infracţiune) punishable by up to 3 years imprisonment; currently it is an administrative offense (contravenție) punishable by a fine of 500–1500 lei (approximately 110–330 euros as of 2016).
Clients are not prosecuted, unless they knowingly use the services of a victim of human trafficking.
In 2002, the Czech Statistical Bureau estimated the trade to be worth six billion Czech koruna ($217 million) a year. In 2002, the government changed the law in an effort to improve the legal situation of prostitutes.
Germany is listed by the UNODC as one of the most common destinations for victims of human trafficking. (It has been legalized and regulated by the government since 1999.) Under the law, prostitutes are professionals who engage in sexual activities in exchange for money.
Some countries outlaw the act of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for money, while others allow prostitution itself, but not most forms of procuring (such as operating brothels, facilitating the prostitution of another, deriving financial gain from the prostitution of another, soliciting/loitering).