The only Europeans were traders who existed in a few settlements on the river banks, such as Pisania.
Following the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Alexander Grant was sent to re-establish a presence in the Gambia.
Jawara was elected the first President and remained in this position until 1994.
A coup, led by Kukoi Sanyang, was attempted in 1981 but failed after Senegalese intervention.
Full internal self-government was achieved in 1963, and following extensive negotiations, the Gambia declared independence in 1965.
the Gambia gained independence as a constitutional monarchy that remained part of the Commonwealth, but in 1970 became a presidential republic.
In 1660, the Courlanders resumed possession, but the next year were expelled by the newly-formed Royal Adventurers in Africa Company.